Attaching the gauze to the paper pattern is called “Syabari” in Japanese, but how to do that?
The paper pattern (Stencil paper) used for Katazome (Stencil dyeing) has to be covered with gauze on the front to prevent tearing when placing the paste. (For small Katagami, it is fine not to cover them with gauze.)
In general, water-based paint or cashew (western lacquer) is used to adhere to the paper pattern.
The easiest way is to use black paint. (The ordinary one which you can buy at a home improvement store or stationery store is enough.)
① Place the paper pattern soaked in water for more than 4 hours, place the gauze on the front side of the paper pattern, and spray water with a mist spray to stick the gauze on the paper pattern.
② Leave it for 15 minutes while spraying water with a mist to prevent it from drying out.
③ Remove water by dabbing it with a towel. The gauze will turn white as the water is removed.
④ Apply the black paint by moving the brush in the direction of the warp of the cloth from the center of the paper pattern to the top and from the center to the bottom.
⑤ Place the paper pattern on a piece of newspaper and tap it lightly with the brush to knock excess paint off the newspaper. Repeat 3~4 times by changing the newspaper.
⑥ Cut away the gauze that has come off the pattern.